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Dr. Gail Stratton

Gail Stratton
Instructional Professor
Department of Biology
The University of Mississippi


Office: 422 Shoemaker Hall
Telephone: (662) 915-5786


Research Interests:

Spiders have long been my main research focus as they are an amazingly diverse group of organisms. Spiders have clear and unambiguous synapomorphies (the evolution of the spigots and spinnerets and their use of silk) yet, at the level of families, relationships are still not clear. Spiders represent a “megadiverse” group rivaling some of the large insect orders with credible estimates of over 100,000 species, but unlike the other large orders of arthropods, they are the only such group to be entirely predatory. Their predatory nature makes them particularly interesting for studies focusing on courtship and sexual selection: selection pressure in the form of cannibalism can be swift.

My research spans four areas:

  1. the nature of a species, species concepts and speciation,
  2. evolution of behavior and the importance of behavior in evolution,
  3. Systematics of wolf spiders including species descriptions and phylogenetic studies and
  4. the effects of fragmentation of habitat and small population size on fitness parameters.

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Recent projects include:

  1. Evolution of rowing behavior in spiders:
    The Pisauridae or fishing spiders have a remarkable ability to row on the surface of water. How they are able to do this has been explored by Dr. Robert Suter of Vassar College.With Bob Suter and Pat Miller, we have been exploring what other spiders can move on water by rowing. We have tested hundreds of spiders in 40 families for their ability to row and have now mapped the ability onto cladograms of spiders. The ability to row has apparently evolved independently at least 6 times and has been lost numerous times in the wolf spiders. Full text. In addition, several groups of spiders have distinct gaits (other than rowing) on the water surface Full text. Compare the movement of a Dolomedes triton, with Geolycosa rogersi, a salticid and a tetragnathid.In order for spiders to be capable of staying on the surface of water, their cuticle must be hydrophobic. Compare the images of various arthropods showing different amounts of hydrophobicity.
  2. Phylogeny of GeolycosaThe Geolycosa are obligate burrowing wolf spiders that are most diverse in the southeast, particularly Florida. With Sam Marshall, Randy Hoeh and Pat Miller, I am working on understanding their phylogeny. As part of this effort, we are building a library of images for each species in this group.
    Geolycosa missouriensis
  3. Effects of population size and habitat fragmentation of Rabidosa wolf spidersRabidosa spp. are large wolf spiders found throughout the eastern United States. With David Reed and Rich Buchholz we are looking at many aspects of Rabidosa biology.
  4. Phylogeny of Schizocosa
    Schizocosa are a fascinating genus of wolf spiders. Several species have conspicuous secondary sexual characteristics that take the form of pigment and or bristles on the tibia of mature males. The secondary sexual characteristics have proved to be useful in recognizing new species and there is a strong correlation between the form of the bristles and reproductive isolation between groups and studies of these have led to the description of several new species (studies by Stratton as well as Uetz and Dondale). Two of the brush-legged species show geographic variation in behavior with some reduction in interbreeding between geographically separated populations (studies by Miller, Stratton, Miller and Hebets). There may be asymmetry in reproductive isolation (unpublished data for S. crassipes studies by Germano, Stratton, Miller and Miller) suggesting that these species are diversifying.
  5. Functional morphology
    Among the most remarkable spiders are the eponymous spitting spiders (family Scytodidae) who subdue their prey with material ejected from their chelicerae. Bob Suter and I have compared the morphology of spitting spiders with that of wolf spiders to see what tradeoffs have been made by each of the divergent groups of spiders.

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Spider Walk:



Twice yearly, for the past 10 years, there has been an unusual evening outing at Northwest Mississippi Community College. As many as 48 students have joined Instructors Patricia Miller (NWCC) and Gail Stratton (Univ. of Mississippi) and others on a spider walk. Typically, the outing has been to the NWCC farms and the students are often joined by Bud Donahu, Bobby King and Carol Cleveland. Students learn how to handle spiders safely and learn to recognize and identify several different kinds of wolf spiders.

Here are some highlights:

In the spring of 2004, as part of a collaborative project with the University of Mississippi, Northwest students will use GPS units to mark specific location of individual spiders. The spiders will be marked and on subsequent nights, we will see how far individual spiders have moved.

In the spring of 2001, Dr. Steve Reichling of the Memphis Zoo joined the NWCC students. Some of the spiders collected that evening became part of the spider display at the Memphis Zoo.

In the fall of 2001, we had the largest group ever! 45 students joined us for the spider walk.

Click here for a list of sample species.

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Curriculum Vita


  • B.A. (Biology) Carleton College, Northfield, MN 1976
  • M.S. (Biology) University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 1979
  • — Graduate student (visiting), Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory, University of Washington, Summer, 1980
  • Ph.D. (Biological Sciences) University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 1982


  • University of Mississippi – Fall 1997 to present
    Coordinator of Laboratory Programs and Instructor of Biology
    Adjunct Associate Professor of Biology (1992-1997)
  • Rhodes College, Memphis, TN – Aug. 1995 to May 1997; Visiting Associate Professor
  • Mississippi Entomological Museum – 1992 to present; Research Associate
  • Albion College, Albion, MI – Aug. 1985 to May 1995
  • Awarded tenure, Spring 1990
  • Associate Professor of Biology, Spring 1991
  • Bradley University, Peoria, IL – Aug. 1983 to May 1985; Assistant Professor of Biology
  • Ohio State University, Columbus, OH – Sept. 1982 to Aug. 1983; University Postdoctoral Fellowship


  • 1982 University Postdoctoral Fellowship, The Ohio State University
  • 1984 Cottrell College Science Grant from the Research Corporation. “The Karyotype of Wolf Spiders: A comparison of the chromosomes of closely related species and of hybrids between species in the genus Schizocosa” $14,200.
  • 1984, 1985 Grants from Bradley Board for Research and Creativity on behavior in wolf spiders. $2750.
  • 1984 Illinois State Board of Education. “Science Concepts for Middle Grade Teachers”. This was a year-long Institute for regional Middle Grade Teachers taught by 6 faculty members in the Sciences. ($34,149).
  • 1986-94 Albion College Faculty Development Grants to develop the Invertebrate Teaching Collection and for research in wolf spiders.
  • 1987 Albion College “Distinguished Scholar Award”
  • 1988, 1989 Pew Science Foundation, Faculty Summer Research Award. ($10,000)
  • Ecological and behavioral investigation of invertebrate fauna of native and managed habitats.” Collaboration with Dr. Raymond Brand, Wheaton College, Wheaton, IL
  • 1991, 1992 Albion College Faculty Development Grants awarded to Judith Lockyer, Trisha Franzen and me for week long faculty workshop to develop the Women’s Studies Program ($2200).
  • 1992 National Geographic Society “Reproductive behavior, habitat and distribution of Schizocosa wolf spiders.” to G. Stratton and G. Miller ($16,749)
  • 1994 National Geographic Society “Geographic variation in courtship behavior in Schizocosa wolf spiders.” to G. Stratton and G. Miller ($11,000)
  • 1995 University of Mississippi “Genetic variation among cryptic populations of a forest floor spider: species in the making.” Faculty Small Grants Program, Office of Research, funded: to G. Miller, G. Stratton and S. D’Surney ($3500)
  • 1996 Woodrow Wilson Foundation “Biodiversity and behavior in wolf spiders” to develop a collaborative project with High School teachers ($4000)
  • 1998 NSF Instrumentation Program “DNA Fingerprinting Exercise for the Biology Freshman Laboratory Program,” to G. Miller, G. Stratton and S. D’Surney ($19,243)


  • American Arachnological Society, Treasurer since 1987
  • British Arachnological Society
  • International Society of Arachnology
  • National Association of Biology Teachers
  • Sigma Xi (President of Albion Chapter, 1990)
  • Society for the Study of Evolution


  • Graduate Students (have served as Graduate Committee member)
  • 1986-1988 Sonie Scheffer, University of Cincinnati
  • 1994-1998 Edgar Leighton, University of Mississippi
  • 1994-1996 Eileen Hebets, University of Cincinnati
  • 1995-1997 Kevin Delany, University of Mississippi
  • 1998-2001 Melissa Orr, University of Mississippi
  • 1998- Beth Germano, University of Mississippi


Albion College

  • 1986 Gayle Hebets–“The effects of prey availability on the social behavior among the juveniles of the spider Achaearanea tepidariorum
  • 1989 Daniel Fleming–“AIDS-related information, attitudes, and behavior in the freshmen class at Albion College”
  • 1991 Matthew Persons–“Estimation of carbon storage for urban and suburban lands for three southeastern states” (Published)
  • 1994 Eileen Hebets–“Habitat and courtship behavior of the wolf spider Schizocosa retrorsa (Araneae; Lycosidae)” (Published in J. Arachnol.)
  • 1995 Jo Latimore–“The effects of density and time-of-day on activity patterns in two species of wolf spiders (Araneae; Lycosidae)”
  • 1995 Jeff Hardy–“A comparison of distribution, courtship and burrowing behavior in two species of Arctosa (Araneae: Lycosidae)”
  • 1995 Corey Voss– “Fine structure of regenerative tissue exposed to varying magnetic fields in planaria.”
    Rhodes College
  • Bailey, Natalie. 1996. Courtship behavior and effect of substrate on effectiveness of courtship in Schizocosa saltatrix (Hentz) (Araneae, Lycosidae). Rhodes College Science Journal. 14:1-12.
  • Nguyen, Phuong. Stridulatory Organs in Schizocosa Wolf Spiders: A Comparison of Two Populations.
  • Poster presented at Rhodes College Undergraduate Science Symposium, 1996.
  • Grey, Elizabeth (G. Stratton as coauthor). “The Evolution of Courtship Behavior in Schizocosa: a Phylogenetic Analysis.” presented at Tennessee Academy of Science Meeting, The University of the South, Sewanee, Tenn. Nov. 22, 1996. Elizabeth won the award for the Best Student Presentation.
  • Abernathy, Leslie “The behavior of spiderlings: when does tolerance become cannibalism?” Poster presented at Rhodes College Undergraduate Science Symposium. 1997


  • 1981 Dept. Zoology, The Ohio State University
  • 1982 Dept. Biology, Ohio Wesleyan University
  • 1982 Dept. Entomology, The Ohio State University
  • 1982 Dept. Biology, Northern Kentucky University
  • 1982 Dept. Biology, Hope College
  • 1983 Dept. Biology, Western Carolina University
  • 1984 Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University
  • 1984 Dept. Entomology, University of Illinois
  • 1985 Dept. Entomology, University of Columbia, MO
  • 1986 Dept. of Biology, University of Chicago, IL
  • 1987 Dept. of Biology, Miami of Ohio, Oxford, OH
  • 1991 Dept. of Biology, Denison University, Granville, OH
  • 1994 Dept. of Biology, Hope College, Holland, MI
  • 1994 Dept. of Biology, Rhodes College, Memphis, TN
  • 1996 Dept. of Biology, University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS
  • 1996 Dept. of Biology, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS
  • 1997 Dept. of Biology, University of Memphis, Memphis,TN

PUBLICATIONS (All in refereed journals)

Ryndock, J. A, Stratton, G.E., Brewer, J. S. Holland, M.M. 2012. Differences in spider community composition among adjacent sites during initial stages of oak woodland restoration. Journal of
Restoration Ecology. Vol. 20 No. 1 pp. 24-32.

Suter, R. B., G. E. Stratton & P. R. Miller. 2011. Mechanics and energetics of excavation by borrowing wolf spiders. Journal of Insect Science. Vol 11, article 22, pp. 1-15.

Suter, R. B. & G. Stratton 2011. Allometric and phylogenetic origins of diminutive fangs in Scytodes (Araneae, Scytodidae). Journal of Arachnology. Vol 39.

Suter, R. B., P. R. Miller, & G. Stratton 2011. Egg capsule architecture and siting in a leaf-curling sac spider, Clubiona riparia (Araneae, Clubionidae). Journal of Arachnology. 39.

Nicholas A.C, Reed D.H., Stratton G.E. 2011. Reproductive allocation in female wolf spiders and nursery-web spiders. Journal of Arachnology 39: 22-29.

Reed D.H, Teoh V.H., Stratton G.E., Hataway J.A. 2011. Levels of gene flow among populations of a wolf spider in a fragmented habitat: current versus historical rates. Conservation Genetics. 12: 331- 335.

Wilgers, D.J., A.C. Nicholas, D.H. Reed, G. E. Stratton & Eileen A. Hebets, 2009. Condition dependent alternative mating tactics in a sexually cannibalistic spider. Behavioral Ecology 20:891-100.

Suter, R.B. & G.E. Stratton. 2009. Spitting performance parameters and their biomechanical implications. Journal of Insect Science. Available online at

Nicholas, A.C., D.H. Reed, G. E. Stratton 2009. Modeling intraspecific competition, cannibalism and temporal variation in the distribution of juvenile body sizes of a wolf spider. Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences 54:41-52

Hebets, E.A., D. O. Elias, A. C. Mason, G.L. Miler & G.E. Stratton. 2008. Signaling environment influences multimodal signal production, efficacy and function in a wolf spider. Animal Behaviour. 75: 605-615.

Stratton, G.E. & R.B. Suter. 2008. Water repellant properties of spiders: topographical correlations and functional correlates. In: Gorb, S. Functional Surfaces of Biology.

Reed, D.C., A.C. Nicholas & G.E. Stratton. 2007. Inbreeding levels and prey abundance interact to determine fecundity in natural population of two species of wolf spider. Conservation Genetics. 8:1061-1071.

Reed, D.C., A.C. Nicholas & G.E. Stratton. 2007. Genetic quality of individuals impacts population dynamics. Featured Paper. Animal Conservation. 10: 275-283.

Reed, D.C., A.C. Nicholas & G.E. Stratton. 2007. Genetic stochasticity, mean fitness of individuals and population dynamics. Featured Paper. Animal Conservation. 10: 291-292.

Stratton, G.E. 2005. Evolution of ornamentation and courtship behavior in Schizocosa; insights from a phylogeny based on morphology (Araneae, Lycosidae). Journal of Arachnology. 33:347-376.

Suter, R.B. & G.E. Stratton. 2005. Scytodes vs. Schizocosa: Predatory techniques and their morphological correlates. Journal of Arachnology. 33: 7-15.

Stratton, G.E., R.B. Suter, P.R. Miller. 2004. Evolution of water surface locomotion by spiders: a comparative approach. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 81:63-78.

Suter, R.B., G. E. Stratton, P.R. Miller. 2003. Water surface locomotion by spiders: distinct gaits in diverse families. Journal of Arachnology. Volume 31:428-432.

Suter, R.B., G. E. Stratton, P.R. Miller. 2004. Phylogenetic constraints on aquatic locomotion: surface adhesion and hair density. Journal of Arachnology. Volume 32(1).

Suter, R.B. & G.E. Stratton. 2004. Scytodes vs. Schizocosa: Predatory techniques and their morphological correlates. Journal of Arachnology.

Miller, G.L., G.E. Stratton and P.R Miller and E.A. Hebets. 1998. Geographical variation in male courtship behaviour and sexual isolation in wolf spiders of the genus Schizocosa. Animal Behaviour 56: 937-951.

Stratton, G.E. 1997. Investigation of species divergence and reproductive isolation of Schizocosa stridulans (Araneae, Lycosidae) from Illinois. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society. 10:313-321.

Stratton, G.E. 1997. A new species of wolf spider (Araneae; Lycosidae) from the southeastern USA. Journal of Arachnology. 25: 84-92.

Scheffer, S. G.W. Uetz and G.E. Stratton, 1996. The role of visual communication and conspicuous secondary sexual characteristics in the courtship of male wolf spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.38:17-23.

Stratton, G., P. Miller, G. Miller and E. Hebets. 1996. Copulatory pattern and duration in wolf spiders (Araneae; Lycosidae). J. Arachnol. 24: 186-20.

Hebets, E.A., G.E. Stratton and G. Miller. 1996. Habitat and courtship behavior in Schizocosa retrorsa (Banks) (Araneae; Lycosidae). J. Arachnol. 24: 141-147.

Stratton, G.E. 1995. A gynandromorphic Schizocosa (Araneae, Lycosidae). J. Arachnol. 23: 130-133.

Cady, A.L., R. Leech, L. Sorkin, G. Stratton and M. Caldwell. 1993. Acrocerid (Insecta: Diptera) life histories, behaviors, host spiders (Arachnida: Araneida), and distribution records. Canadian Entomologist. Vol. 125 (5): 931-944.

Steiner, W.W.M., M.H. Greenstone and G.E. Stratton, 1992. Variation in Schizocosa (Araneae: Lycosidae), Metaphidippus and Phidippus (Araneae: Salticidae). Journal of Arachnology 20:35-39.

Stratton, G. 1991. Schizocosa stridulans (Araneae: Lycosidae) a new species of wolf spider. J. Arachnology. Vol 18:29-39.

Kane, T.C., T.C. Barr, Jr. & G.E. Stratton 1990. Genetic patterns and population structure in Appalachian Trechus of the vandykei group (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Brimleyana 16: 133-150.

Maddison, W.P. and G.E. Stratton. 1988. Sound production and associated morphology in jumping spiders of the Habronattus agillis species group (Araneae: Salticidae) J. Arachnology. 16: 199.211.

Uetz, G.W., T.C. Kane, G.E. Stratton and M. Benton. 1986. The genetic basis of social grouping tendency in communal spiders. In: M.D. Huettel, Ed. Evolutionary Genetics of Invertebrate Behavior.Plenum Publ. Corp., NY.

Stratton, G.E. and G.W. Uetz. 1986. The inheritance of courtship behavior in Schizocosa wolf spiders. In: Huettel, Ed. Evolutionary Genetics of Invertebrate Behavior. Plenum Publ. Corp., NY.

Stratton, G.E. and G.W. Uetz. 1986. The inheritance of courtship behavior and its role as a reproductive isolating mechanism in two species of Schizocosa wolf spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae). Evolution 40:129-144.

Stratton, G.E. 1985. Introduction to behavioral studies of wolf spiders. Revue Arachnologique. 6:57-70.

Stratton, G.E. 1984. Differences in maturation rates of Schizocosa ocreata, Schizocosa rovneri their F1, F2 hybrids and backcross progeny (Araneae: Lycosidae). Bull. of British Arachnological Society. 6: 193-199.

Stratton, G.E. and D.C. Lowrie. 1984. Schizocosa mccooki from New Mexico: Courtship behavior and life cycle. J. of Arachnology 12: 223-228.

Uetz, G.W. and G.E. Stratton. 1983. Communication in spiders. Endeavour: 13-18.

Stratton, G.E. and G.W. Uetz. 1983. Communication via substratum-coupled stridulation and reproductive isolation in wolf spiders. Anim. Behav. 31: 164-172.

Uetz, G.W., T.C. Kane, and G.E. Stratton. 1982. Geographic variation in the social grouping tendency of a colonial web building spiders. Science 217: 547-549.

Uetz, G.W. and G.E. Stratton. 1982. Acoustic communication and reproductive isolation in spiders. In: Witt, P.N. and J.S. Rovner, eds. Spider communication; mechanisms and ecological significance. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, N.J.

Stratton, G.E. and G.W. Uetz. 1981. Acoustic communication and reproductive isolation in two species of wolf spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae). Science 214: 575-576.

Stratton, G.E., G.W. Uetz, and D.G. Dillery. 1979. A comparison of the spiders of three coniferous tree pecies. J. Arachnol. 6: 219-26.

Research papers in preparation
Stratton, G.E. Phylogeny of Schizocosa: insights into the evolution of behavior.

Laboratory Manuals:
Stratton, G.E.. 1999, 2000, 2001. Biological Sciences 103. Inquiry into Life Laboratory: Human Biology. Hayden McNeil. ISBN 0-9380-0076-0.

Stratton, G.E. & C.L. Ochs. 1999, 2000, 2001. Biological Sciences 105. Inquiry into Life Laboratory: Diversity and the Environment. Hayden McNeil. ISBN 0-7380-0226-7.

Stratton, G.E. 2001. Biological Sciences 161 Laboratory Manual. Hayden McNeil. ISBN0-7380-0535-5.

Book Reviews:
Stratton, G.E. 2000. Book review: “Spiders of New Zealand and their world wide kin” By Ray and Lyn Forster. 1999. Univ. of Otago Press. Choice Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. Vol 38 # 1.

Stratton, G.E. 2000 Review: “University of Florida Book of Insect Records” Ed. by Tom Walker. Choice Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. Vol 37, # 8.

Stratton, G.E. 1999. Book review: “Women pioneers for the environment.” by. Mary Joy. Northeastern University, 1998. Choice. Current reviews for Academic Libraries. Vol 36 # 7.

Stratton, G.E. 1998. Book review: “The evolution of social behavior in insects and arachnids.” Ed. By Jae C. Choe and Bernard J. Crespi. Cambridge. 1997. Choice.Current reviews for Academic Libraries. Vol 35 # 6.

Stratton, G.E. 1997. Book review: “Selection: the mechanism of evolution.” By. G. Bell. Choice, Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. Vol. 34 #9.

Stratton, G.E. 1996. Book review. “Cultivating women, cultivating science: Flora’s Daughters and Botany in England, 1760 to 1860” Choice , Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. Vol. 33. #34-1522.

Stratton, G.E. 1996. Book review: “Reinventing biology; respect for life and the creation of knowledge” Ed. By L. Birke and R. Hubbard. Indiana, 1995. Choice, Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. Vol 33 (7). # 33-3879.

Stratton, G.E. 1995. Book review: “Spiders in Ecological Webs” by D.H. Wise. J. Arachnol. 23:48-50.

Stratton, G. 1991. Sound and Vibrations in the (Mostly) Insect World. Book review: Ewing, A.W. 1989. Arthropod bioacoustics: neurobiology and behaviour. Comstock Publ. Associates. Cornell Univ. Press. Ecology 72(2): 762-763.

Other Publications:
Stratton, G.E. 1996. Wolf spiders: laboratory exercises investigating behavior and distribution. Drawings by E. Hebets and M. Persons. Funded by grant from the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation. This was adopted by the Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour (ASAB) for use in Britain.

Hickling, R., R.L. Brown, P. Lee, G. Stratton and D. Velea. 1998. Analysis of Acoustic Communication in the Black Fire Ant, Solenopsis richteri. Proceedings of the Imported Fire Ant Research Conference.

Stratton, G.E. Strategies for Developing Skills in Teaching: Application of Microteaching to a Laboratory Setting. “Strategies of Success Newsletter” published by Wm. C. Brown. Fall 1999. No. 31.

Published Photographs
Cover photographs for J. Arachnology, cover photographs for Bisc 103 and 105 manual. Michigan Entomological Society, Photo Salon. (Awards, first place and best of show). Oxford Eagle (North Miss. Swim Team). Photos Hogna carolinensis in Taratulas of Belize by S. Riechling, photos of Latrodectus mactans published as a poster for the “Spiders!” exhibit at Memphis Zoo.

PAPERS PRESENTED AT PROFESSIONAL MEETINGS (Titles provided of recent papers)

American Arachnological Society, Denver, July 2003. “Congruence between phylogenies created using morphological traits and mtDNA sequence data for the wolf spider genus Geolycosa.” (with S. Marshall, P. Miller, R. Hoeh and W. Ting).

“Scytodes vs. Schizocosa: Predatory techniques and their morphological correlates” (With R. Suter).

“Evolution of water surface locomotion by spiders: a comparative approach” (with R. Suter and P. Miller).

Mississippi Academy of Sciences Annual meeting, Hattiesburg, Feb 12-14, 2003. “Composite ACT scores predict success in introductory Biology classes at the University of Mississippi. ” Wendy J. Garrison (presenter), Paul K. Lago, Lucile M. McCook and Gail E. Stratton. Abstract ABS-102.

American Arachnological Society, Keene, NH. July 2001. “The evolution of neustonic locomotion in spiders” (with P. Miller and B. Suter.)

Mississippi Academy of Sciences, Tupelo, MS Feb. 2001. “Phylogeny of Schizocosa: insights into the evolution of behavior.”

International Congress of Arachnology, South Africa. March 2001. “Sexual isolation in wolf spiders of the genus Schizocosa: ecological and phylogenetic perspectives.” (Presented by G. Miller, coauthors included me, P. Miller and B. Germano).

American Arachnological Society Meeting, Lexington KY, July 2000. Poster: “Phylogeny of the North American Schizocosa: A morphological study.”

American Arachnological Society Meeting*, Dickenson, ND, July 1997:
Poster: “Multiple origins of hairy legs: a phylogentic study of the ocreata group of Schizocosa.”
Poster: “The courtship behavior of Schizocosa avida (Walckenaer) (Araneae, Lycosidae)” (with E. Grey)
Poster: “Mississippi- a transitional area for north and south? New reports of Geolycosa from Mississippi”
(with P. Miller and G. Miller).

Other presentations at professional meetings:

  • 1998 Fire Ant Research Conference, Hot Spring, Ak. April 6-8 1998
  • American Arachnological Society Meeting, Tucson, AZ, July 1996 (with Jo Latimore)
  • Tennessee Academy of Science. Nov. 1996 (with Elizabeth Grey)
  • American Arachnological Society Meeting*, Colombia, MO. June 1995
  • Association of Southeastern Biologists* 1995
  • American Arachnological Society Meeting, Gainesville, Fl. July 1994 (2 papers presented, I was coauthor on four other papers)
  • 12th International Congress of Arachnology, Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Australia (Meeting from 12-18 July 1992). “The Cursorial Spider Fauna of Michigan and Illinois Prairies.”
  • American Arachnological Society, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, June 1990
  • Pew Science Program, Great Lakes Cluster General Meeting Oct. 6, 1990
  • American Arachnological Society, Las Cruces, NM* 1990
  • Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, Albion MI. March 1990. (2 papers presented, with Dan Fleming and Morgan Knapp, Albion Students.)
  • Midwest Animal Behavior Meeting, Charleston, IL. April 1987*
  • American Arachnological Society, St. Charles, MO. 1986
  • American Arachnological Society, Los Angeles, CA. 1985*
  • American Arachnological Society, New Orleans, Louisiana. 1984
  • American Society of Zoologists, Denver, Co. 1984*
  • Midwest Regional Animal Behavior Meeting, Carbondale, IL 1984*
  • American Arachnological Society, Athens, Oh 1983*
  • American Society of Zoologists, Louisville, KY 1982* (with Drs. T.C. Kane and T.C. Barr, Jr.)
  • Animal Behavior Society, Duluth, MN 1982
  • American Arachnological Society Hampden-Sydney, Va 1982
  • Midwestern Regional Animal Behavior Society, Urbana, IL 1982
  • American Arachnological Society, Knoxville, TN 1981
  • Animal Behavior Society, Knoxville, TN 1981
  • American Arachnological Society, Cincinnati, OH 1980 (wth Drs. G.W. Uetz and T.C. Kane)
  • Northeast Regional Meeting, Animal Behavior Society, Binghamton, NY 1980
  • Ohio Graduate Student Symposium, Cincinnati, OH 1980*
  • Northeast Regional Meeting, Animal Behavior Society, Woods Hole, MA 1979
  • Ohio Academy of Sciences, Heidleburg College, Tiffin, OH 1979
  • American Arachnological Society, Wichita Falls, TX 1979
  • American Arachnological Society, Gainesville, FL 1978 (with G. Uetz and G. Denterlein)American Arachnological Society, Cullowee, NC 1977
    *indicates session chaired at meeting


  • Subject Editor in Behavior and Physiology for the American Arachnological Society.
  • 1986 to present. Treasurer for The American Arachnological Society.
  • 2001-2002 Member of Scientific Advisory Committee for Memphis Zoo Conservation Action Network.

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